CE6303 MECHANICS OF FLUIDS SYLLABUS 2013
CE6303 MECHANICS OF FLUIDS L T P C
3 0 0 3
- To understand the basic properties of the fluid, fluid kinematics, fluid dynamics and to analyse and appreciate the complexities involved in solving the fluid flow problems.
UNIT I FLUID PROPERTIES AND FLUID STATICS 9
Fluid – definition, distinction between solid and fluid – Units and dimensions – Properties of fluids – density, specific weight, specific volume, specific gravity, temperature, viscosity, compressibility, vapour pressure, capillarity and surface tension – Fluid statics: concept of fluid static pressure, absolute and gauge pressures – pressure measurements by manometers and pressure gauges- forces on planes – centre of pressure – bouncy and floatation.
UNIT II FLIUD KINEMATICS AND DYNAMICS 9
Fluid Kinematics – Flow visualization – lines of flow – types of flow – velocity field and acceleration – continuity equation (one and three dimensional differential forms)- Equation of streamline – stream function – velocity potential function – circulation – flow net. Fluid dynamics – equations of motion -Euler’s equation along a streamline – Bernoulli’s equation – applications – Venturi meter, Orifice meter and Pitot tube. Linear momentum equation and its application.
UNIT III FLOW THROUGH PIPES 9
Viscous flow – Shear stress, pressure gradient relationship – laminar flow between parallel plates – Laminar flow through circular tubes (Hagen poiseulle’s) – Hydraulic and energy gradient – flow through pipes – Darcy -Weisbach’s equation – pipe roughness -friction factor- Moody’s diagram- Major and minor losses of flow in pipes – Pipes in series and in parallel.
UNIT IV BOUNDARY LAYER 9
Boundary layer – definition- boundary layer on a flat plate – thickness and classification – displacement , energy and momentum thickness – Boundary layer separation and control – drag in flat plate – drag and lift coefficients.
UNIT V DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS AND MODEL STUDIES 9
Fundamental dimensions – dimensional homogeneity – Rayleigh’s method and Buckingham Pi- Theorem – Dimensionless parameters – Similitude and model studies – Distorted Models.
TOTAL: 45 PERIODS
- The students will be able to get a basic knowledge of fluids in static, kinematic and dynamic equilibrium.
- They will also gain the knowledge of the applicability of physical laws in addressing problems in hydraulics.
- Modi P.N and Seth ” Hydraulics and Fluid Mechanics including Hydraulic Machines”, Standard Book House New Delhi. 2003
- Ramamirtham, S., “Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics and Fluid Machines”, Dhanpat Rai and
Sons, Delhi, 2001.
- Bansal, R.K., “Fluid Mechanics and Hydraulics Machines”, 5th edition, Laxmi Publications
Pvt. Ltd, New Delhi, 2008.
- Streeter, V.L., and Wylie, E.B., “Fluid Mechanics”, McGraw Hill, 2000.
- Fox W.R. and McDonald A.T., Introduction to Fluid Mechanics John-Wiley and Sons, Singapore, 1995.
- Jain A. K. “Fluid Mechanics”, Khanna Publishers, 2010
- Roberson J.A and Crowe C.T., ” Engineering Fluid Mechanics”, Jaico Books Mumbai,
- White, F.M., “Fluid Mechanics”, Tata McGraw Hill, 5th Edition, New Delhi, 2003.